Table 1    Resources, reserves, and production summary, 2017
   Crude bitumen  Crude oil  Natural gasa  Raw coal
(million m3) (billion barrels) (million m3) (billion barrels) (billion m3) (trillion cubic feet) (billion tonnes) (billion tons)
 
Initial in-place resources 293 125 1 845 13 491 84.9 9 989 355 93.7 103.3
Initial established reservesb 28 092 177 3 066.4 19.3 5 750 204 34.8 38.4
Cumulative production 2 112 13.3 2 803.2 17.6 4 956 176 1.7 1.8
Remaining established reserves 25 980 164 263.3 1.7 795c 28.2c 33.1 36.6
Annual production 164.7 1.036 25.7 0.162 111.7d 4.0d 0.024e 0.028e
Ultimate potential (recoverable) 50 000 315 3 130 19.7 6 276f 223f 620 683
Note: Columns may not add up due to rounding.
a Expressed as “as is” gas, except for annual production, which is 37.4 megajoules per cubic metre; includes coalbed methane.
b Initial established reserves have not been updated at this time; the remaining established reserves have been calculated to reflect 2017 annual production.
c Measured at field gate.
d Includes unconventional natural gas.
e Annual production is marketable.
f Does not include unconventional natural gas.
Revised July 2018.